America defended Israel earlier than the UN's highest courtroom on Wednesday, arguing that the nation's calls for to withdraw from the Palestinian territories didn’t have in mind its “very actual safety wants.”

Richard C. Visek, the authorized adviser on the US State Division, instructed a panel of 15 judges on the Worldwide Courtroom of Justice in The Hague that solely a two-state resolution may convey lasting peace. between Israel and Palestinians.

The courtroom is listening to six days of arguments over Israel's occupation of Palestinian-majority territories, together with the West Financial institution and East Jerusalem, which has been the topic of years of debate and resolutions on the UN. The hearings – involving greater than 50 nations, a degree of participation by no means earlier than seen on the courtroom – had been known as lengthy earlier than Israel went to warfare in opposition to Hamas in Gaza, however grew to become a part of a concerted international effort to cease the battle and study the legality. of Israel's coverage in direction of the Palestinians.

Israel stated it could not take part within the hearings, and despatched a letter to the courtroom final yr arguing that the main target of the trial didn’t “acknowledge Israel's proper and responsibility to guard its residents.” or his proper to security.

America has staunchly defended Israel through the warfare, together with on Tuesday when it lone vetoed a UN Safety Council decision calling for a direct ceasefire, saying it could intervene with efforts to free the hostages held in Gaza.

On Wednesday, Mr Visek requested the courtroom to uphold the “established framework” for a two-state resolution that he stated UN our bodies had agreed to – one that’s topic to a “broader finish to belligerence ” in opposition to Israel – slightly than right here the calls. from different nations for Israel's “unilateral and unconditional withdrawal” from the occupied territories.

The Oct. 7 assaults on Israel had been a reminder of the safety threats Israel faces, Mr. Visek stated, “and so they persist.”

The courtroom, which often hears lingering disputes between nations, has currently change into a venue for nations that oppose Israel. Final month, South Africa argued to the courtroom that Israel dedicated genocide in opposition to Palestinians in Gaza – a cost strongly rejected by Israel. The judges didn’t determine on this declare, however they issued an interim order for Israel to take measures to stop the genocide in Gaza, giving till subsequent week to implement how it’s achieved.

On Tuesday, South Africa strongly condemned Israel's coverage in opposition to the Palestinians, calling it “a extra excessive type of apartheid,” the race-based authorized system that has disadvantaged Black South Africans for many years. Palestinians “proceed to be subjected to discriminatory land zoning and planning insurance policies, punitive dwelling demolitions and violent raids on their villages, cities and cities,” South Africa's ambassador to the Netherlands, Vusi Madonsela , he instructed the courtroom.

Israel has lengthy rejected accusations that it operates an apartheid system, calling such allegations an insult and pointing to what it says is a historical past of being condemned by UN our bodies and courts.

America has remained Israel's staunchest defender internationally. However the Biden administration, below rising strain from the Democratic Celebration, has additionally proven indicators of impatience with the conduct of Israel's warfare, the rising toll in Gaza and the scenario of Palestinians below Israeli occupation. Gaza well being officers say greater than 29,000 folks have been killed in Israel's air strikes and floor invasion of Gaza, making it by far the deadliest Israeli-Palestinian battle since Israel's founding within the 1945

President Biden this month stated Israel's navy response in Gaza — which started after Hamas assaults on Oct. 7 killed 1,200 folks, Israeli officers stated — had been “excessive” and that the immense civil struggling had “to cease”. The remarks got here days after Mr. Biden imposed broad monetary sanctions in opposition to 4 Israeli males for violent assaults in opposition to Palestinians within the West Financial institution.

After the hearings, that are anticipated to conclude on Monday, the courtroom will give an advisory opinion, a choice that ought to take a number of months. The opinion is not going to be binding.

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