In The Hague final week, attorneys for South Africa and Israel offered two very totally different variations of the continued battle in Gaza.

On Thursday, South Africa's request to the Worldwide Courtroom of Justice (ICJ) for pressing measures to cease Israel's army operation in Gaza was backed by a cost of genocide.

Israel's forceful rebuttal on Friday is rooted within the perception that it has the best to self-defense in opposition to a corporation — Hamas — which it, in flip, describes as genocidal.

Left to kind for six highly effective hours of debate is a panel of 17 judges who’re no strangers to the acrimonious authorized debate.

Lately, the court docket has thought of and ordered provisional measures within the Russia-Ukraine battle, Myanmar's persecution of the Rohingya Muslim minority, and, extra just lately, in a Canada-Netherlands utility in opposition to Syria to stop acts of torture

With the assistance of worldwide regulation, the court docket should now take into account whether or not to attempt to assist untangle one of many world's most polarizing conflicts in latest reminiscence.

A beige tank drives on the ground, with buildings and power lines in the background.
Israeli tanks re-enter Israel from Gaza amid the continued battle between Israel and the Palestinian Islamist group Hamas close to the Israel-Gaza border in southern Israel on Thursday. (Tyrone Siu/Reuters)

South Africa seeks 'interim measures'

At first of the proceedings, the president of the court docket, Choose Joan Donoghue, reminded the attorneys to assault the strict query in hand: If “provisional measures” of emergency that South Africa searches are justified to guard Palestinian life in Gaza, till the court docket considers. the largest query of whether or not the actions of Israel are genocidal in intention.

She reminded the attorneys that “they need to not go into the deserves of the case past what’s strictly vital.”

The groups talking for each South Africa and Israel have constantly offered robust opinions on the matter, utilizing pictures, audio and video recordings in an effort to strengthen their diametrically opposed positions.

South African attorneys pointed to Israeli assaults which have killed practically 24,000 folks in Gaza, mass displacement and shortages of meals and water and medical assist, in addition to feedback by Israeli officers and troopers in land as “clear and incontrovertible” proof. of Israel's genocidal intent.

“Day by day there’s an irreparable lack of life, property, dignity and humanity for the Palestinian folks,” mentioned lawyer Adila Hassim.

WATCH | South Africa accuses Israel of violating the 1948 UN Genocide Conference:

Israel's response on October 7 crossed a line, says the South African minister

In a gap assertion to the UN Worldwide Courtroom of Justice on Thursday, South Africa accused Israel of violating the 1948 UN Genocide Conference in its response to the October 7 assaults by Hamas. “No armed assault on the territory of a state, for severe … can present any justification, or protection to, violations of the Conference, both when it comes to regulation or morality,” mentioned Minister of Justice Ronald Lamola.

Attorneys for Israel have pointed to Hamas' assaults on October 7, its torture of civilians and the killing of greater than 1,200 Israelis, in addition to the seize of 250 hostages as proof of genocidal goals. of the group.

They described Israel's response as an effort to not destroy the Palestinians in Gaza, however to guard its residents. The attorneys additionally detailed efforts to facilitate the entry of humanitarian and medical assist into Gaza as proof that Israel's actions could not have genocidal intent.

The provisional measures, the attorneys added, would tie Israel's fingers in coping with a harmful risk. Authorized adviser to Israel's Ministry of International Affairs Tal Becker accused South Africa of “subverting the thing and function of the genocide conference”.

Becker requested the court docket to dismiss the case.

WATCH | Israel says it’s defending its residents after Hamas assaults on October 7:

Israel says it’s defending its folks in a genocide case at ICJ

Israel on Friday rejected fees introduced by South Africa to the UN Worldwide Courtroom of Justice that its army operation in Gaza following the October 7 Hamas assaults is a state-led marketing campaign of genocide in opposition to the Palestinian inhabitants. “What Israel seeks by working in Gaza is to not destroy a folks, however to guard a folks, its folks, who’re below assault on many fronts,” mentioned the authorized adviser of the Ministry of Protection Israeli International Affairs, Tal Becker, in a gap assertion.

The choice to come back “as quickly as potential”

The accusation of genocide in opposition to Israel has been as divisive as the most recent bout of the battle itself – now in its fourth month.

South Africa's utility to the court docket in December gained the help of a number of different international locations sympathetic to the plight of the Palestinians, together with Turkey, Jordan and Bolivia, amongst others.

However the accusation was dismissed by the US as “with out advantage”.

WATCH | Why the US stops Israel:

Blinken calls submission of genocide tribunal in opposition to Israel 'meritless'

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken says South Africa's genocide case in opposition to Israel to be offered this week earlier than the Worldwide Courtroom of Justice will “distract the world” as options for peace are sought. He mentioned it’s significantly “intrusive” since those that combat in opposition to Israel are calling for the mass homicide of Jews, however added that the every day toll of the battle on civilians in Gaza is just too excessive.

Later Friday, in the meantime, Canada's overseas affairs minister launched a fastidiously worded assertion.

“Canada's unwavering help for worldwide regulation and the ICJ doesn’t imply we settle for the premise of the case introduced by South Africa,” Mélanie Joly mentioned in an announcement.

“We’ll observe the proceedings of the South African case on the Worldwide Courtroom of Justice very carefully.”

Two women, draped in flags, hold posters.
Professional-Israeli protesters collect close to the Worldwide Courtroom of Justice (ICJ) as judges hear a request for emergency measures from South Africa to order Israel to cease its army actions in Gaza, in The Hague, Netherlands , on Friday. (Thilo Schmuelgen/Reuters)

On the conclusion of proceedings on Friday, Choose Donoghue promised that the panel would determine on interim measures “as quickly as potential”.

If the court docket decides in favor of the imposition of such measures, it is going to be as much as the judges what they could possibly be.

The court docket, nevertheless, has no mechanism to implement any of its choices.

If it goes forward, the court docket will then start to look at the bigger query of genocide. A call on that is prone to take years.

People walk next to a damaged vehicle, near the rubble.
Folks stroll subsequent to a broken car as Palestinians examine the location of an Israeli strike in Deir Al-Balah within the central Gaza Strip on Wednesday. (Mohammed Al-Masri/Reuters)

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