50 years in the past as we speak, the TV sitcom Comfortable Days first on ABC, starring Ron Howard as a clean-cut teenager within the late 50s who frequents a drive-in hamburger restaurant after college. His good friend, “The Fonz” – performed by Henry Winkler – is a cool biker and liked by his former classmates and their households, regardless that he’s a road powerful highschool dropout. With 255 episodes produced in 11 seasons, the collection created by Garry Marshall was one of many greatest successes within the historical past of tv, and it vastly influenced the type of the sitcom style of the day. READ extra and WATCH The Fonz's finest moments… (1974)

The idea for Comfortable Days was first offered as a section on tv, Love, American Fashion. As a pilot episode, it didn’t arouse curiosity, however the movie director George Lucas noticed it and forged Howard because the lead in his 1973 movie. American Graffitiinflicting ABC to take a renewed curiosity and signal for one season.

Fonzie grew to become some of the merchandised characters of the Nineteen Seventies, and Henry Winkler grew to become a significant star. The collection additionally spawned a variety of spin-offs, together with Laverne and Shirley and Mork and Mindy, which starred Robin Williams.

MORE Good Information on this Date:

  • U British Museum open (1759)
  • Robert Morris argued earlier than the US Congress for decimal cash (1782)
  • Alpha Kappa Alpha, first sorority for black ladies was established (1908)
  • The Supremes signed a contract with Berry Gordy to affix Motown Information (1961)
  • The President of the US Nixon stopped the offensive actions Vietnam (1973)

64 years in the past as we speak, the Papyrus of Derveni was present in Greek Macedonia. It’s a philosophical treatise that’s an allegorical commentary on an Orphic poem, a theogony concerning the delivery of the gods, produced within the circle of the thinker Anaxagoras. The scroll dates from round 340 BC, through the reign of Philip II of Macedonia, making it the oldest surviving manuscript in Europe.

The Derveni Papyrus

It isn’t clear the order during which the fragments of the traditional papyrus ought to be reorganized, and totally different students have proposed totally different orders as extra significant than others.

The primary surviving columns of the textual content are much less properly preserved, however they speak about occult ritual practices, together with sacrifices to the Erinyes (Furies), the best way to drive out demons that grow to be an issue, and the beliefs of the magicians.

The principle a part of the textual content is a commentary on a hexameter poem attributed to Orpheus, which was used within the thriller cult of Dionysus by the “Orphic initiates”. The poem begins with the phrases “Shut the doorways, with out initiation”, a well-known admonition to secrecy, additionally talked about by Plato. The theogony described within the poem has Nyx (Evening) giving delivery to Uranus (Heaven), who turns into the primary king. Cronus follows and takes the dominion from Uranus, however can also be succeeded by Zeus, whose energy over your entire universe is widely known. (1962)

55 years in the past as we speak, the Soyuz 5 mission was launched into Earth orbit on a mission to dock with Soyuz 4. It was the primary time in human historical past that two crewed spacecraft had docked with one another, and the primary time {that a} the crew of 1 ship launched into one other, a maneuver that will be important. for the way forward for area exploration. The mission was additionally well-known for a terrifying descent from area that remained unknown within the west for 3 many years.

Mannequin of Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5 after performing humanity's first docking maneuver. CC 3.0. Lunokhod.

Soyuz 5 concerned flight engineers Aleksei Yeliseyev and Yevgeny Khrunov as crew to be transferred to Soyuz 4 to conduct analysis, take a look at spacecraft programs and design parts, to follow manned spacecraft docking and switch of cosmonauts from one ship to a different in orbit. . However the mission is finest remembered for the commander, Boris Volynov, who would have some of the spectacularly disastrous re-entry and touchdown within the historical past of area; one worthy of Hollywood's most interesting screenplay.

After dropping off Yeliseyev and Khrunov, who had been to get pleasure from a 37-minute spacewalk on the way in which to Soyuz 4 earlier than turning the ship round and touchdown in a easy and secure method, mission commander Volynov ready to re-enter the day later Guide and computerized instructions to separate the Soyuz 5 service module from the descent module failed when Volynov started its descent, and at that time it was too late to abort. It’s written {that a} mission management officer eliminated his hat, put three rubles in it, and handed it across the operators as a gesture to lift cash for Volynov's younger household. His destiny appeared sure.

When the Soyuz started aerobraking within the higher ambiance, it turned its nostril ahead, with solely the sunshine metallic service hatch utilized in docking, to guard it. The cosmonaut was successfully returning to Earth with the least protected part of his craft uncovered to the best thermal stress. From his sofa, he may solely watch helplessly as tongues of flame licked the home windows of the descent module and washed over the cabin. The skinny hatch, straight in entrance of his eyes, visibly broke inside, and the gaskets that sealed the mouth started to burn, filling Volynov's compartment with smoke and harmful fumes. Ultimately, the struts that maintain the modules collectively broke, however thankfully no injury was sustained to the descent module, at which level it was instantly corrected to deal with the warmth protect first, however the issues didn’t finish there.

After reentry, Volynov was hurtling towards Earth when the 2 parachute cords grew to become entangled, and all however one of many smooth touchdown rockets failed. The influence was so exhausting that it threw him by means of the cabin and broke a few of his enamel. Exterior, within the Ural Mountains of Kazakhstan, a whole bunch of miles from its authentic touchdown zone, the air temperature within the frigid storm it was in was about -36°F (-38°C). The rescue crews couldn’t attain him for a number of hours, and so he walked in his host flight go well with for a number of kilometers in direction of a distant column of smoke the place he discovered a peasant village. His first phrases spoken to the inhabitants had been “My hair is grey?” (1969)

And, 95 years in the past as we speak, Martin Luther King Jr.American civil rights chief and Nobel laureate, was born in Atlanta.

He led the Montgomery bus boycott at age 26, established the Southern Christian Management Convention, and labored for 13 years to peacefully finish segregation. His “I’ve a Dream“Speech delivered on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC was some of the highly effective and provoking occasions in American Historical past. (1929)

23 years in the past as we speak, Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger launched Wikipedia. The collaborative on-line encyclopedia created and maintained by a neighborhood of volunteer editors, Wikipedia is the thirteenth most visited web site on the Web. The primarily donation-funded affiliation has 6.2 million articles in English, and likewise options articles in 250 languages, attracting a complete of 1.7 billion month-to-month distinctive guests.

In 2006, Time journal stated that the open door coverage of permitting anybody to edit made Wikipedia the most important and probably the perfect encyclopedia on the earth, and was a testomony to Jimmy Wales' imaginative and prescient. Wanting on the accuracy of the favored wiki, a 2005 examine evaluated within the journal Nature he discovered Wikipedia to be nearly as correct as regards to science because the Encyclopedia Britannica. (2001)

Additionally, on this present day in 1967, the first 'Tremendous Bowl” was performed between the rival American Soccer Convention and the Nationwide Soccer Convention to find out the perfect NFL staff.

The Inexperienced Bay Packers beat the Kansas Metropolis Chiefs by a large margin — 35 to 10 — within the championship recreation, which wouldn't be known as the Tremendous Bowl till later. The next 12 months, the Inexperienced Bay Packers (the one non-profit staff within the NFL) gained once more, beating the Oakland Raiders by a rating of 33-14.

Talking of crash landings… on this present day in 2009, a chilly pilot, Captain Chesley “Sully” Sullenberger, made an emergency touchdown within the Hudson River shortly after takeoff from LaGuardia Airport in New York Metropolis. Desirous to keep away from endangering the pedestrians beneath, Sully steered the US Airways jet into the river, and shortly the crew had evacuated all 155 passengers with out casualties. The Airbus A320 malfunctioned after 4 geese flew into the engines at an altitude of 2000 ft / 640 meters.

Photograph by Greg L, CC license

Afterwards, he was stunned by all of the reception and a focus that the occasion obtained and stated: “I spotted that this occasion had touched folks's lives, how prepared they had been for excellent news, how a lot they wished to really feel hope once more. We've had an financial recession everywhere in the world, and individuals are confused, afraid and so prepared for excellent news.”

Years later, Clint Eastwood made a movie with Tom Hanks, which was based mostly on Sullenberger's memoir, Highest Responsibility: My Seek for What Actually Issues.

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